Sleep Paralysis – Causes, Facts, Types, Prevention, and Treatment

Sleep Paralysis

Sleep paralysis is a condition when a person is awakened by the brain but his body is asleep.


In the tense hours of the morning, you suddenly wake up from sleep,

Overcome by a strange feeling.

You are sure that there is an intruder in your bedroom,

And a terrible creature at the end of your bed.

Yet you cannot move a muscle – or even scream.

This may sound like a scary flicker out,

But this experience, known as sleep paralysis, is a very real phenomenon.

While harmless, this problem can be very frightening,

And the fear of having an episode can interfere with a good night’s sleep.

What is Sleep Paralysis?

Sleep paralysis is a category of parasomnia or sleep illness.

This usually happens when you are either sleeping (hypnotic),

Or when you are awake (hypnotic).

During both of these times, your eyes move faster,

And dreams occur as part of rapid eye movements (REM) sleep,

But your muscles relax a lot.

If you get up before this phase ends,

You may feel that you are unable to move or speak.

A subset of people also experiences hallucinations.

These may include:

  • Sense of anticipation
  • The feeling that someone is in your room
  • The feeling of pressing or pushing you on your chest
  • An image of a demon, witch, demon or other male figures

While it is still unclear why or how these hallucinations occur,

Researchers believe that a harmless neurological disturbance may be involved.

An incident of sleep paralysis can last anywhere from a few seconds to a few minutes.

In the meantime, even after trying a million,

A person is unable to move and cannot even call anyone for help,

Because his jawline, ie the lower part of the jaw does not support him.

Another Insight on Sleep Paralysis:

Come, know why such a condition becomes and what is its treatment…

During this time, a person is constricted, but even after wanting,

  • If he is not able to activate his body.
  • When the person tries to move his arms and legs but is unable to do so.
  • He tries to move but his body does not react.

This is a situation when a person is understanding everything,

He is able to experience what is happening to him.

But every attempt to overcome his problem fails.

No ghost, no demon! It’s Just a Sleep Paralysis “

Sleep paralysis is a sleep illness or a type of parasomnia suffered by countless humans since the dawn of mankind.

Every culture has some bad stories to tell the world,

And sleep paralysis becomes a victim without any reason.

Let us illustrate this with an example.

One night, you think that you have experienced negative energy (rather a ghost),

That was trying to move your body at night and calm your voice.

The next morning, you share the story and confide in others about a non-existent ghost.

Now every time others feel the same or may have felt the same way,

One way or the other, the accusation comes on those pathetic ghosts, right?

jokes apart! Let’s face the truth.

When people do not get an answer,

They usually throw it towards superstitions.

Such beliefs are so strong that people are afraid of reality.

Always remember, all those sedentary dreams you had before,

Were just one disorder of your sleep cycle.

Welcome to the world of sleep paralysis!

What are the Causes of Sleep Paralysis?

This condition arises due to

  • irregularities in sleep,
  • excessive smoking
  • and drinking

and mental illnesses like

  • pre-existing depression,
  • anxiety,
  • narcolepsy.

One study has shown that individuals with anxiety,

And panic attack disorder may be at risk of sleep paralysis.

These mental conditions are the cause of this disease.

– Sleep paralysis can be a problem even,

When a person is in very high stress or suffering from bipolar disorder.

  • People who do not have regular time to sleep,
  • And wake up may also have this type of problem.
  • People with cocaine intoxication are more likely to develop sleep paralysis.

How often Does Sleep Paralysis Problem Occur?

Sleep condition usually occurs in three conditions.

 These include the early stage of sleep i.e. when a person is trying to sleep. 

The second situation is when the person is awake immediately from a deep sleep. 

The third position is to take a nap.

That is, after a lot of fatigue,

When a person sleeps for some time or takes a power nap,

Such a situation can also occur.

reason for sleeping paralysis:

  • Stress and anxiety.
  • Depression
  • Narcolepsy exhibited by uncontrolled, excessive sleep during the daytime, or sudden attacks of sleepiness.
  • Sleeping on the back.
  • Connection
  • Bipolar disorder.
  • Irregular sleeping time.
  • Sleep deprivation.
  • Sudden changes in environment/lifestyle.
  • May be genetic.

Main Causes of Sleep Paralysis:

  • 1. The overlap between stages:
  • 2. Sleep Pattern:
  • 3. Neurological functions:
  • 4. Brain cells:
  • 5. Hormones:
  • 6. REM and Non-REM:
  • 7. Medications

1. The overlap between stages:

Sleep paralysis becomes a parasomnia,

When disturbed by rapid eye movement (REM sleep) and waking state.

In short, when these two phases overlap or coincide, sleep paralysis occurs.

2. Sleep Pattern:

These studies conclude that any disturbances in regular sleep patterns can lead to episodes of sleep paralysis,

As a sudden feeling of consciousness in sleep when this pattern is interrupted.

3. Neurological functions:

Another reason is related to the nervous functions of the body.

This function regulates sleep,

And when it sags or goes out of balance,

It causes overlap of different phases.

4. Brain cells:

There are cells present in the brain that transmit signals from the sleep state,

To complete stimulation of the brain and body (serotonergic neural population).

Sleep paralysis occurs when these cells encounter difficulty to overcome the signals,

That is delivered by the cells responsible for the state of sleep (waking signals).

5. Hormones:

The next reason is melatonin.

It is a hormone secreted by the pineal gland of the brain that helps regulate the circadian rhythm (sleep-wake cycle).

When the secretion of this hormone is interrupted,

Or when the hormone is secreted at inappropriate times,

It causes a disturbance during sleep,

And this gives rise to a state of sleep paralysis.

6. REM and Non-REM:

You may be aware of the body’s REM and non-REM sleep cycles.

Let us explain that and proceed briefly.

When we sleep, the cycle of non-REM begins which lasts for 90 minutes.

During this time, the body’s metabolism slows down which in turn slows breathing and heart rate.

We do not dream during this phase.

But after 90 minutes when the body enters the REM phase,

The eye movements increase and we start having dreams.

The investigators determined that when the mind unexpectedly wakes up during the REM condition,

The person evolves conscious but as soon as all body works to stop,

They are incapable to move it and suffer as if someone has to shake his body.

7. Medications

Another reason states that some medications can cause sleep paralysis.

In addition, episodes of SP occur due to certain sleep disorders such as

  • sleep apnea,
  • narcolepsy,
  • and sleep deprivation.

Some other Causes of Sleep Paralysis:

Sleep paralysis is quite common:

The survey found that about 40 percent of people have had this problem at some point in their lives.

In fact, virtually every culture has some type of story,

Or description for the experience,

From vindictive spirits to alien abductors.

Folklore aside, many factors can increase your chances of having sleep paralysis.

One of the major causes of sleep paralysis is lack of sleep or lack of sleep.

A changing sleep schedule, sleeping on your back, use of certain medications, stress,

And other sleep-related problems, such as narcolepsy, may also play a role.

When does the Risk of Sleep Paralysis increase?

About 4 out of every 10 people have sleep paralysis.

This is an ordinary problem that is interpreted during puberty.

But men and women of any age can have sleep paralysis.

Sleep paralysis is a disease that is passed on from generation to generation.

There are other factors that increase the risk of sleep paralysis:

Not getting enough sleep

Any change in sleep or habit

Mental conditions such as stress or bipolar disorder

Sleeping on the back

Some other sleep-related problems like narcolepsy, leg cramps at night

Taking certain types of medicines like ADHD

Drug abuse

Sleep is the most prominent symptom of paralysis.

Apart from this, symptoms of sleep paralysis can be:

  • Feeling incapable to move the body continuously for a few seconds to minutes while sleeping or awake
  • Stay fully asleep
  • Not speaking during this period
  • Hallucinations
  • Chest pressure
  • Feeling difficulty in breathing
  • Feeling like death
  • Excessive sweating
  • Headache, stamina irritations and paranoia (a type of dementia)

Normal daily sounds (which are not terrible), sensations, and other sensations that the brain often ignores,

Seems unusually special during this period.

11 facts you should know about sleep paralysis.

If you have never suffered sleep paralysis – consider yourself fortunate, but be cautious because it can occur to anyone.

Fact 1

Sleep paralysis is a medical condition,

Where a person experiences a temporary inability to move or speak when awake from sleep.

It is likewise usually attended by a feeling that someone,

Or something is in the room with you or sometimes you actually see,

Or hear things (essentially, hallucinations) as well as pressure on your chest.

The physical sensation of experiencing.

Actually, it is the dreaded Air Force.

Let’s talk about it some more.

Fact 2

Sleep paralysis should not be confused with the nocturnal area.

People who wake up in the night area normally panic and sit upright in panic,

Often unaware of their surroundings and not knowing where they are!

The science behind it- So, basically when you sleep,

Your brain allows your body’s voluntary muscles to relax,

And go into a state of paralysis, known as atonia.

This prohibits your physical activities in your dreams,

Helping to ensure the body from any outer pain.

In any sleep manner disorder or during sufferings, atonia does not arise appropriately,

And the spontaneous muscles move while the mind is asleep,

This is why people can do crazy things in their sleep,

And being entirely clueless about it.

In sleep paralysis, however, the reverse occurs.

The body remains paralyzed when the brain is awake.

You are alert and alert, but unable to move voluntary muscles.

It is frequently supported by a feeling of chest pressure;

This is why several people also wake up with sleep paralysis gassing for a whiff.

Fact 3

It is also, more often than not, accompanied by a feeling of fear — as if you are dying slowly.

This is why when you finally wake up, you feel as,

If you have woken up from the dead.

Repeating the same, it was said by a fellow victim,

When she shared the story of her sleep paralysis on this Reddit thread.

“I couldn’t get up and move. I had never heard of sleep paralysis,

So it was very scary.

It wasn’t too terrible because I’ve seen some details,

But I think the results are different.

It’s going through me.

Head that I might be dying and I just said to myself ‘Oh, well, fuck it, don’t think I can do anything about it’ so I go back Slept.

Not sure if it means that I have no desire to live.,

Or if I’m some sort of Zen crook. It was a delightful experience, to say the least, wouldn’t suggest. “

Fact 4

Sleep paralysis can often occur in one of two infections –

When you are sleeping or awake (due to which many are still unknown).

The body should go to REM (Rapid Eye Movement) sleep and come out of it.

Sleep paralysis occurs when your body has trouble making this infection.

If this happens while you are sleeping – it is called ‘hypnagogic’ sleep paralysis.

Whereas if it occurs during walking, it is called ‘Hypnopompic’ sleep paralysis.

No matter how much you try, even if you are consciously aware,

That you are going through sleep paralysis – you cannot wake up your body.

In very small amounts people can move their fingers slightly,

Straining their toes or facial muscles,

Which ultimately helps to awaken the rest of their body.

But, as I said, most people will have to wait.

Incidents can last anywhere from 20 seconds to a few minutes.

Fact 5

It also often involves hallucinations and reported nightmares.

Because unlike the visions seen in your dreams,

When you are in deep sleep and your eyes are closed,

This feeling occurs when your mind is alert and the eyes are open.

This brings it twice chilling because we have been repaired to believe that seeing is believing!

The extra trouble of not being able to move your body,

Or shout for help also makes people worried about their surroundings.

Fact 6

This is a completely natural phenomenon, and certainly not a disease!

Sleep paralysis can occur to anyone under the sun.

In fact, many studies have shown that most people have at least one episode in their lives,

And they are not even aware of it.

Experience is always highly subjective and varies from person to person.

This being said, young adults and those with a history of mental illness are at greater risk.

Fact 7

Much researches have also shown that people who are tired, stressed,

Or simply deprived of sleep are more likely to have sleep paralysis and other sleep disorders.

But in fact, people have been trying for a very long time to understand,

Why this happens once or once every alternate day,

But no explanation has come up yet.

Fact 8

Similarly, researchers have been trying to explain this phenomenon for a very long time.

So much so that Persian medical texts dating back to the 10th century due to sleep paralysis.

However, the first medical observation was made in 1664 by a Dutch physician.

He speculated that a 50-year-old woman was undergoing ‘night-mare’ until the 19th century,

After which it evolved known as ‘sleep palsy’, and eventually ‘sleep paralysis.’

Fact 9

A very important historical example of sleep paralysis can, in fact,

Be explained by the help of a very famous and very frightening,

Renaissance painting by a Swiss painter Henry Fuseli.

The creepy-looking Gremlin, perhaps,

Exhibits a feeling of pressure on the chest that is felt during this problem.

This painting is believed to be one of Fuseli’s greatest works ever!

Fact 10

There are many folk legends around the world that try to explain this situation in different cultures.

In Japan, they know it as ‘Kanshibar’ or as it is translated – ‘with metal’.

People know it as ‘ghost persecution’ in China, and in the US, some relate it to foreign kidnappings.

In African culture, sleep paralysis is interpreted as ‘the devil riding on your back’,

Where demons have sex with people in their sleep.

They are known as ‘incubus’ or ‘succubus’!

Fact 11

While there is no denying that sleep paralysis can be a frightening experience,

The truth is that there is nothing to worry about.

It does not cause any physical harm to the body,

And there have been no known clinical deaths to date.

The idea is to deceive yourself during one of the events to not be afraid.

Prepare an affirmation- ‘Just a dream and I’m completely fine’ and start counting the numbers,

Ensuring that the victim feels like an eternity

But it will be over in a few seconds. 

Having said that, if the episode continues with a regular pattern,

It is always appropriate to pay a visit to a sleep disorder specialist.

What are the problems?

• Sleep and related problems

Decent sleep during the night is very crucial for a healthy body.

If you are not eligible to get full sleep or sleep at the wrong time or you sleep in pieces,

Then it can cause you to sleep problems,

Which can lead to decreased sleep time.

If you get good sleep for seven to nine hours,

Then not only your body’s immunity increases,

But also the blood pressure and hormones are fine.

“Sleep disorders are influenced by the effects of a variety of conditions, which affect normal sleep.

It is a common difficulty presently,

Related to simple headaches and anxiety throughout the day.

When a patient suffering from a headache, it is also a common neurological disorder,

Which relates to sleep disturbances of up to 60–60 percent. ”

Insomnia is the most common disease among sleep disorders.

Let’s take a look at many such diseases-

1. Sleep Apnea:

It is a serious sleep disorder in which a lack of oxygen in the blood,

Which causes difficulty in breathing.

It suddenly stops breathing and then suddenly comes.

This affects the flow of oxygen to the brain and other parts of the body,

Cure Sleep Apnea and Sleep Paralysis Naturally
Cure Sleep Apnea and Sleep Paralysis Naturally

Causing problems in getting sound sleep.

Common symptoms are

  • coughing,
  • wheezing,
  • and dry mouth upon waking up.

2. Restless Legs Syndrome:

In this disorder, the patient often moves his feet.

Whenever they go to sleep, they feel a burning sensation in their feet,

Which makes it difficult to sleep well.

3. Sleep Paralysis:

Sleep paralysis is a disorder where a person is unable to move,

Or speak while awake and asleep.

Patients experience a certain pressure and immediate fear,

Many times people suffering from this are conscious,

But still unable to move.

4. Circadian Rhythm Disorder:

In this disease, the internal biological clock of the patients is not able to coordinate with the external time.

In this, the patient’s mind clock for sleeping time is running a few hours behind.

This often happens to those who sift night.

5. Insomnia:

Generally, in this type of insomnia disorder,

Patients have trouble sleeping and getting regular sleep.

In such a situation, there is a lack of energy throughout the day.

Tips for Getting Sound Sleep:

  • Determine a time to go to bed and maintain it.
  • Avoid coffee input in the evening and at night.
  • Reduce the time consumed on TV, computer, or mobile, especially before bedtime.
  • Exercise regularly every day.
  • If there is difficulty in getting sleep at night, then avoid sleeping in the afternoon or in the middle.
  • Take a bath with warm water before taking off the bed.
  • This will make you feel peaceful and you will also get better sleep.
  • Different individuals may have different problems during sleep paralysis.
  • For example, some people are unable to speak and try to straighten their necks but are not able to do so.
  • Some people feel that their body is not moving at all, while they are trying their best to move their body.

What happens during sleep? Or why do we have dreams? 

Since the beginning of time, man has been deeply influenced by the secrets of sleep and has been trying to know it.

Sleep paralysis is also a mysterious condition of the same conditions.

Actually, sleep paralysis is a condition where your body is awake but,

You find yourself unable to move or speak.

There is no exact reason why this happens but,

Here we are going to tell you some interesting facts related to it.

Sleep paralysis is a phenomenon in which a person wakes up but finds himself unable to move or speak.

It is caused by fear.

Many times a person feels that there is someone in the room with him.

Someone is watching him.

At times, he also feels pressure on his chest,

Which also makes him feel suffocated.

One theory on Sleep Paralysis is that it is caused by REM sleep disturbances.

REM sleep is a state of sleep in which the sleeping person moves his eyes,

And his brain remains active.

Sleep undergoes two processes, REM (Rapid Eye Movement) and NREM (Non-Rapid Eye Movement).

A REM and NREM cycle lasts approximately 90 minutes,

And most of the time is spent in sleep.

The body relaxes during NREM. During REM the eyes move quickly,

But, the body gets to rest, and dreams only occur at this time.

In sleep paralysis, rem sleep does not sync with the body or brain.

In this, the person’s consciousness remains awake.

But in the state of sleep, the body remains paralyzed.

Types of Sleep Paralysis:

There are two types of sleep paralysis.

1. Isolated Sleep Paralysis

 2. Recurrent Isolated Sleep Paralysis

Isolated Sleep Paralysis: A person experiences this once or twice throughout his life.

Recurrent Isolated Sleep Paralysis:

 The experience of such paralysis can be quite scary and long-lasting.

Apart from this, one can experience it many times in their life.

The effect of RISP can last up to an hour.

The experience of RISP can be quite scary and long-lasting.

Many times its signs also appear outside the body.

Sleeping on the back can lead to many persistent experiences of sleep paralysis.

Many researchers who have studied sleep paralysis found,

That sleeping on the back increases the likelihood of sleep paralysis.

To reduce its risk, you try sleeping by changing the sleeping position.

Try to be as calm as possible during sleep paralysis.

However, this experience can be scary but, understand that it is temporary,

You cannot do anything when this happens.

You can control it better by remaining calm.

Is it fatal?

Experts say that sleep paralysis is scary but not fatal.

This can bother you, so you should get it treated.

Sleep paralysis is not a disease.

This is simply due to an imbalance in sleep patterns.

According to experts, sleep paralysis occurs due to an imbalance in mind and body.

What is the Duration of Disease?

It usually occurs for 1 to 2 minutes,

But can be seen to be permanently cured by lifestyle changes.

  • Diet to eat
  • Fruits and vegetables
  • Milk
  • Avoid them
  • alcohol
  • Tea and Coffee
  • Sugar
  • Yoga and exercise
  • 30 minutes of physical exercise daily is very helpful.


The initial stretching exercises of yoga soothe your muscles,

And can be practiced a few minutes before bedtime.

Some simple asanas of yoga that induce sleep are:

  • Butterfly seat
  • Sprained bend (right and left)
  • Bhujangasana
  • Music and Meditation:

General monitoring of the flow of breath is the quickest,

And effective way to reduce simple concerns without medication.

  • Home remedies
  • Get enough sleep
  • Reduce stress
  • Exercise regularly.
  • Keep a regular sleep cycle.
  • Do not be deprived of sleep.
  • Do not take caffeine-like substances before bedtime.

When you feel that you are vulnerable to an attack, do the following:

  • Try shouting or loud 
  • Don’t sleep on back, sleep on the side., so that others can be alert to your problem.
  • Stay with the flow and keep calm. It will pass soon.

How to Prevent Sleep Paralysis?

  • Do not take caffeine 5 hours before bedtime.
  • Get good, regular sleep.
  • Don’t stress
  • Do not take alcohol and heavy food before bed, instead take medicinal tea or a glass of milk.
  • Relax for an hour before bedtime, listen to melodious music, put on candles, and/or read your favorite book.
  • Watching television before bed, playing video games, and sending messages on mobile phones greatly undermine sleep. Do not do all this.

To follow sleep approaches to prevent problems such as sleep paralysis.

It is very important to get into the habit of sleeping at the right time on a regular basis,

So that you can get enough sleep daily,

And avoid the causes that cause sleep problems.

Sleep Paralysis Test –

There is usually no medical examination for sleep paralysis,

But it is better to see a doctor if the symptoms are causing any discomfort or anxiety.

Medical examination can help in the following situations:

Daily sleep paralysis

Have any sleep anxiety or difficulty sleeping

Immediate sleepiness or abnormal sleep during the day

A sudden sleep during the day can be a sign of narcolepsy.

It is a rare brain disorder that causes a person to suddenly fall asleep or lose muscle control.

Symptoms can also be reduced by detecting them,

If problems such as stress or anxiety are present with this problem..

Treatment of sleep paralysis –

Most people do not need to undergo sleep paralysis.

If you are highly concerned with this problem or are not able to sleep properly,

Then treating the internal conditions that cause it as narcolepsy can also help a lot.

It can be treated as follows:

To improve sleep habits, it is necessary to get around 6 to 8 hours of sleep every night.

 If antidepressants or any other treatments are given to adjust sleep,

Then they should be put up with on time.

If sleep paralysis has become particularly severe,

Sleep specialist doctors may suggest completing a course of antidepressant medication.

These drugs alter rapid eye movement sleep,

But these drugs are given in lower doses to patients with sleep paralysis,

Than in patients with depression.

Things to note:

You can feel yourself dreaming while experiencing paralysis.

Common questions answered by the doctor

Q1. What problems can arise from sleep paralysis?

Generally, cases of sleep paralysis are limited,

And there is no problem with them.

If the attack is occurring too quickly,

There is no postoperative or serious impact on the patient’s life,

And the normalcy returns to the time between the two episodes.

Q2. Can my sleep paralysis cause pregnancy loss?

Sleep paralysis decreases in the first trimester of pregnancy,

But increases in later periods.

Overall, sleep paralysis does not appear to affect pregnancy.

Q3. I’m going to have surgery? Will sleep paralysis affect the numbness?

The numbing process has no effect on decreasing,

Or increasing the frequency of sleep paralysis,

And is not taboo for patients with sleep paralysis.

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